Sore Throat: Management
Managing a sore throat
Here we discuss the different approaches for managing a sore throat, including pharmacologic interventions and home remedies.
Steps for managing sore throat
- Confirm the sore throat as a symptom of the flu
- Identify and appropriately refer patients who may require further assessment by a doctor
- Increase patient awareness of how to minimise transmission of the flu to other people
- Advise on the warning signs associated with a sore throat that may require referral to a physician
Along with appropriate advice, recommend or provide treatments to suit the individual needs of your patient.
Paracetamol is clinically proven to reduce sore throat pain5
Sore throat requiring referral
A sore throat is not exclusive to the flu and may be due to another illness that requires referral for further management by a doctor.
Patients who report:4
- Difficulty breathing
- Significant difficulty swallowing
- Difficulty opening the mouth
- Joint pain
- Fever higher than 38°C
- Frequently recurring sore throats
- Lump in the neck
- Hoarseness lasting more than 2 weeks
- Swelling in the neck or face
- Unusual drooling in young children, which may indicate an inability to swallow
Should be referred onwards to an appropriate physician.
Sore throat management: in summary
Once a patient has been appropriately identified as suffering from a sore throat as a result of an influenza infection, they may be offered paracetamol as first-line therapy in addition to other non-pharmacologic supportive therapies.6,7